Instruction for Authors

Ekoloji, published quarterly, is a refereed international journal. It accepts original "research paper" and "research note" only in English language on all aspects of environmental sciences.

Authors must make sure that all the material submitted in the article is original, that no part has been published or submitted for publication elsewhere.

Text Format
The text should be printed on one side of A4 paper, it must be double-spaced and "12 pt `Aldine401 BT` font" throughout the text, and it should not exceed 20 standard typewritten pages (please leave 2.5 cm from all sides), including graphs, illustrations, tables, etc. All pages should be numbered by Arabic numbers (Apart from first page, numbers must be seen on right-top of each page).

Papers in Ekoloji should follow the style of nomenclature rules (Names of the taxa should be written with genus and species names in full with author`s name(s) where they are seen for the first time in the text. And following ones should be given in abbreviation form of the names of the genus, etc.). In the title and abstract, author names must not be given.

Submission of the manuscripts for review should be online via "Online Submission" link.

Review Process
All manuscripts are subject to critical review by at least two anonymous referees and should have satisfactory quality for publication in Ekoloji. The Editor reserves the right to reject the submitted material. It is author`s obligation to satisfy the language requirements. The author should follow the grammatical rules of the appropriate language. Please proof-read content for accuracy.

The first page should include the title of the article and the names and address(es) of author(s). Following pages must include and be in order of: Title, Abstract, Keywords, INTRODUCTION, MATERIAL AND METHODS, RESULTS, DISCUSSION, ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS (if required) and REFERENCES.

Title: It should reflect and cover the study and should be as short as possible.

Authors and their addresses: Full names of all authors (without abbreviation) should be included. Addresses should include postal (zip) code.

Abstract: An abstract (no more than two hundred fifty words) is published at the beginning of each paper. Avoid abbreviations (except chemical and physical units) and references.

Keywords: Please suggest no more than five keywords for the paper. These should follow the abstract, in alphabetical order, and should characterize the scope of the paper.

INTRODUCTION: Aim and importance of the topic, any essential historical background and possible contributions to the field of study should be included. Statements that need references in this section must not exceed 1/3 of the total reference list and cited references should not be more than three in such statements.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Without giving unnecessary details, used materials and applied methods in the study should be included with appropriate references in clear and accurate statements.

RESULTS: The results obtained from the study should be reported as clearly.

DISCUSSION: The study should be discussed with related literatures and critical implications should be given.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS: If necessary, acknowledgements to sponsor(s) and assisting individual(s) should be given as short as possible before reference list.

Literature Cited and Reference List: Author citations in the text must be as follows: Davis (1966), Takacs and Tatar (1987) or Ozturk et al. (1999) if within a sentence; (Davis 1966), (Takacs and Tatar 1987) or (Ozturk et al. 1999) if at the end of a sentence. If several papers are cited simultaneously, they should be put in chronologically, e.g. (Davis 1966, Takacs and Tatar 1987, Ozturk et al. 1999). If the author of a published material is not known or if there is no name on such kind of published material, just name it as "Anonymous". The list of citations in the reference list must be in alphabetical order by surname of principal author. Unpublished notes, texts, abstracts/summaries of seminar, conference, symposium, etc. and web sites should not be referenced.

Please use the following standard forms of citation:

a) Articles from journals and other serial publications
Takacs S, Tatar A (1987) Trace elements in the environment and in human organs. Environmental Research 42: 312-320.

b) Articles from electronic journals
Owuor BO, Kisangau DP (2006) Kenyan medicinal plants used as antivenin: a comparison of plant usage. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 2, 7.

c) Articles from non-serial collective publications
Jochimsen M, Janzen D (1991) Structure and Phytornass Production of a Pioneer Community. In: Esser G, Overdieck D (eds), Modern Ecology: Basic and Applied Aspect, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 39-69.

d) Books
Bockris J, Veziroglu TN, Smith D (1991) Solar Hydrogen Energy. MacDonald and Co. Ltd., London.

e) Works Presented at Meetings and Conferences (Only published materials are accepted)
Seaward MRD (1991) Biomonitoring Redionuclides in East Europa, Pre-and Post-Chernobyl. In: Ayvaz Z (ed), Proceedings of the 1st Symposium on Environmental Pollution and Control, II, 8 June 1991, Izmir, 80-89.

f) MSc and PhD thesis

Bayram A (1993) Ecological studies on wolf spiders (Lycosidae, Araneae) in a mixed agricultural situation. PhD Thesis, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle.

Please submit tables (each in a separate file) with an appropriate legend at the head, numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals in the order in which they are first referenced in the text. Tables should be given "10 pt `Aldine401 BT` font". Each table must be referred to in the text and the location should be located with a red pencil. Indicate footnotes to tables by lower-case, superscript letters, beginning with `a` in each table. Tables should be listed at the end of the manuscript, starting on a new page.

Figures, photographs, maps and graphs are considered as figures. Please, limit the number of illustrations (graphs, diagrams, photographs, etc.) to the minimum needed to clarify the text. 

Photographs must be of high quality (min 300 dpi), exhibit high contrast. Citation in the text should take the form of `Fig. 1`, `Figs. 1 and 2`, `Figs. 1-3` and `Figs. 3, 4, and 6`. Color figures may be submitted, as color will be used in our web site. However, in the print version all art will be in black and white, (unless an exception has been explicitly made). Therefore, it is crucial to determine beforehand that the color art will render acceptably in black and white. The best way to determine this is to convert a color image to grayscale. If the grayscale image does not contain sufficiently different levels of gray, the image will not be intelligible and should not be submitted. Please note that journal authors will be asked to pay the costs associated with printing art in color.

Figure Legends
Please submit a legend for each figure. Each legend should be at the bottom of the page and must contain sufficient explanation to be meaningful without cross-referencing with the text. The legends are part of the text, not of the figures, and should be listed at the end of the manuscript, starting on a new page.

Standard abbreviations
hour= h
minute= min
second= sec
microliter, milliliter, sentiliter, liter= µL, 
mL, cL, L
microgram, milligram, gram, kilogram = µ
g, mg, g, kg
metric ton= t
mole= mol
parts per million= ppm

kilometer= km
metre= m
centimeter= cm
millimeter= mm

degree (angle)= °
minute (angle)= 

second (angle)= 
Hectare= ha
square meter= m2
cubic meter= m3
meter per second= m/s
meter per second squared=  m/s2
reciprocal meter= m-1
kilogram per cubic meter= kg/m3
cubic meter per kilogram= m3/kg
mole per cubic meter= mol/m3
bequerel= Bq
degree celsius= °C
Kelvin= K
Units should be in the form, e.g. g cm-1 rather than g/cm.
Latin abbreviations (such as, et al., e.g., i.e., vs., etc.) are not italicized.

In order for accepted article to be published, all of the authors are required to subscribe to the journal. No offprint and copy of journal are provided free of charge to the authors. However, PDF format of published articles are available from

For questions and remarks: