Türkiye'nin Ekonomik Değer Taşıyan Geofitlerinden Corydalis solida subsp. solida ve Corydalis conorhiza (Fumariaceae)'nin Anatomik Özellikleri

Semra KILIÇ, Ali İNCE, Hasan ÖZÇELİK

Ekoloji, 2006, Issue 60, Pages: 46-54

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Abstract

Many geophytes in Turkey are grown naturally and a considerable amount of them are endemics. Recently most economically important geophytes have become endangered due to anthropogenic pressure factors. Therefore, understanding of their biological characteris-tics, threat factors and protection statuses deserve special importance.
In this study, the anatomical characteristics of two taxa, Corydalis solida subsp. solida and Corydalis conorhiza, belong to the genus Corydalis (Fumariaceae) distributed naturally in Turkey were investigated. Detailed explanations of root, stem and leaf anatomies are described. The herbaceous stems are turned into an empty canal. The vascular bundle in different size and numbers drew our attention to the stems of the investigated taxa. The stems have no cambium in both C. solida subsp. solida and C. conorhiza. The root is covered with xylem (metaxylem) components. The leaves are amphistomatic type and mesophylles are isolateral. Anthropogenic factors and status of the taxa are discussed in the light of literatures and our field observations.

Keywords

Anatomy, biodiversity, Corydalis, endangered plants

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