Occupational Resilience and Organizational Virtuous Behaviors for the Employees of Eco-Tourism Industry - A View of Occupational Hope Beliefs

Tung-Ju Wu, Ting Xu, Ching-Fang Yeh

Ekoloji, 2019, Issue 107, Pages: 753-758, Article No: e107090

OPEN ACCESS

Download Full Text (PDF)

Abstract

This study aims to discuss the potential correlation among occupational hope beliefs, occupational resilience, and occupational virtuous behaviors of frontline employees in eco-tourism industry. Total 341 frontline employees of chain stores in Fujian area are preceded the questionnaire survey with occupational hope beliefs scale, occupational resilience scale and occupational virtuous behaviors scale, and the collected data are analyzed with structural equation model. The research findings show significant potential correlations among occupational hope beliefs, occupational resilience, and occupational virtuous behaviors of employees in eco-tourism industry. According to the research result, relevant suggestions are proposed in this study.

Keywords

occupational hope beliefs, occupational resilience, occupational virtuous behaviors

References

  • Baron RA, Franklin RJ, Hmieleski KM (2016) Why entrepreneurs often experience low, not high, levels of stress: The joint effects of selection and psychological capital. Journal of Management, 42(3): 742-768.
  • Cameron KS, Bright D, Caza A (2004) Exploring the relationships between organizational virtuousness and performance. American Behavioral Scientist, 47: 766-790.
  • Fredrickson BL, Cohn MA, Coffey KA, Pek J, Finkel SM (2008) Open hearts build lives: Positive emotions, induced through loving-kindness meditation, build consequential personal resources. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95(5): 1045-1062.
  • Hassani P, Izadi-Avanji FS, Rakhshan M, Majd HA (2017) A phenomenological study on resilience of the elderly suffering from chronic disease: a qualitative study. Psychology research and behavior management, 10: 59-67.
  • Hasson-Ohayon I, Goldzweig G, Dorfman C, Uziely B (2014) Hope and social support utilisation among different age groups of women with breast cancer and their spouses. Psychology & Health, 29(11): 1303-1319.
  • Kalisch R, Müller MB, Tüscher O (2015) A conceptual framework for the neurobiological study of resilience. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 38. doi: 10.1017/S0140525X14001745
  • Luthans F (2002) Invited essay on the need for and meaning of positive organizational behavior. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 23: 695-706.
  • Luthans F, Avolio BJ, Avey JB, Norman SM (2007) Positive psychological capital: Measurement and relationship with performance and satisfaction. Personnel psychology, 60(3): 541-572.
  • Luthans F, Jensen SM (2002) Hope: A new positive strength for human resource development. Human Resource Development Review, 1(3): 304-322.
  • Luthans F, Luthans KW, Luthans B (2004) Positive psychological capital: Beyond human and social capital. Business Horizons, 47(1): 45-64.
  • Luthans F, Norman SM, Avolio BJ, Avey JB (2008) The mediating role of psychological capital in the supportive organizational climate Employee performance relationship. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 29(2): 219-238.
  • Peterson C, Seligman MEP (2004) Character strengths and virtues: A handbook and classification. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
  • Roberts LM (2006) Shifting the lens on organizational life: The added value of positive scholarship. Academy of Management Review, 31(2): 292-305.
  • Snyder CR (2000) Hope theory: Rainbows in the mind. Psychological Inquiry, 13: 249-275.
  • van Doorn RR, Hülsheger UR (2015) What makes employees resilient to job demands? The role of core self-evaluations in the relationship between job demands and strain reactions. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 24(1): 76-87.
  • van Erp KJ, Rispens S, Gevers JM, Demerouti E (2015) When bystanders become bothersome: The negative consequences of bystander conflict and the moderating role of resilience. European journal of work and organizational psychology, 24(3): 402-419.