Noosphere Concept Implementation in Methodology of Modern Ecologically Oriented Higher Education: Theoretical Aspect

Elmira R. Khairullina, Liliya Yu. Makhotkina, Anatoly P. Svetlakov, Ellina D. Emelina, Irina V. Vyatkina, Irina A. Lipatova, Andrey A. Pavlushin, Elena A. Sorokoumova

Ekoloji, 2019, Issue 107, Pages: 713-720, Article No: e107087

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Abstract

The relevance of the study is due to the fact that the development of human civilization has reached a stage of a qualitatively new state of global economic, political and social processes caused by the threat of local and global environmental disasters, the cause of which lies in the negative consequences of the existing ill-considered nature management and development of the techno-sphere on the basis of the worldview of the industrial revolution and the consumer society. The third Millennium should be the Millennium of the entry of the biosphere and human civilization into the noosphere to ensure the conditions for their preservation and further development on the principles of ecological and cultural consistency. Moreover, the most important role in the success of this process is the modernization of the system of higher education based on the noosphere concept. Purpose of the study: this article is aimed at theoretical analysis of the features of the noosphere concept implementation in the methodology of modern environmentally oriented higher education. The study results: it is established that the modern ecologically oriented higher education from the point of view of the noosphere concept is a natural, socially and culturally oriented system of obtaining, accumulation, transferring and updating of knowledge, skills and abilities of interaction in the system man – society – environment. Its content should integrate knowledge from various scientific fields: philosophy, ecology, psychology, biology, physiology, history and cultural studies. The methodology of such education should be based on the principles of greening, systematization, harmonization, humanization, instrumentality, personal orientation, and advanced development, simplicity of knowledge, efficiency and potential intellectual security. Practical significance: the Materials of the article are of theoretical and practical value for the development of educational and methodical complexes in various disciplines of higher education, taking into account the noosphere concept, teachers’ training and retraining programs, as well as programs aimed at the formation of new environmentally appropriate worldview and value-based attitudes among the contemporary youth.

Keywords

noosphere concept, noosphere, ecologically oriented higher education, methodology, content, principles, and students

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