Kentsel Yerleşim Alanlarındaki Bitkilerin Peyzajda Kullanım Tercihleri Açısından Değerlendirilmesi: Trabzon Kenti Örneği

Cengiz ACAR, Derya SARI

Ekoloji, 2010, Issue 74, Pages: 173-180

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5053/ekoloji.2010.7421

OPEN ACCESS

Download Full Text (PDF)

Abstract

In this study, existing vascular plant species were determined and evaluated according to plant characteristics (esthetic & visual, functional, socio-cultural and ecological characteristics) in gardens o f both detached house and site in the residential areas in the city center o f Trabzon. Total o f 125 sample gardens were surveyed with respect to different house age type (<10, 10-50 and >50 years) and housing density types (high, medium and low density type). During the study, the plants were pictured, measured, and sampled for species identification. We analyzed only the first 10 species that are most abundant for landscape preferences for each residential type. The study results showed that the gardens o f detached house and site have an important floristic diversity with 232 plant taxa. In addition, it was determined that the non-native species are used widely in the study area and there is a significant relationship between plant species and the parameters used. According to our results; fruiting, form, texture and scent for the aestheticvisual characteristics; direction, screening and accent for the functional characteristics and tolerance o f air pollution and salinity in ecological characteristics along with the regional integrity came into prominence for landscape preferences based on the species characteristics. O u r aim at this study was to determine plant species characteristics and their usage area in residential areas in order to help planting design in urban landscapes.

Keywords

Landscape use characteristics o f plant species, residential landscape, Trabzon, urban floristic diversity

References

  • Acar C, Acar H, Eroğlu E (2007) Evaluation o f ornamental plant resources to urban biodiversity and cultural changing: a case study of residential landscapes in Trabzon city (Turkey). Building and Environment 42, 218-229.
  • Anonymous (2001) World Resources 2000-2001. World Resources Institute, Washington DC.
  • Anonymous (2006) Trabzon İli Durum Analizi, Trabzon İl Özel idaresi Stratejik Planı 2006-2010, Trabzon.
  • Booth KN (1990) Basic Elements o f Landscape Architectural Design. Waveland Press, Illinois.
  • Davis PH, Mill RR, Tan K (1988) Flora o f Turkey and the East Aegean Islands Vol. 10. Edinburg University Press, Edinburg.
  • Deniz B, Eşbah H, Küçükerbaş EV ve Şirin U (2008) Kentsel alan kullanımlarındaki vejetasyon yapısının analizi: Aydın kenti örneği. Ekoloji 66, 55-64.
  • Eroğlu E, Akıncı Kesim G, Müderrisoğlu H (2005) Düzce kenti açık ve yeşil alanlarındaki bitkilerin tespiti ve bazı bitkisel tasarım ilkeleri yönünden değerlendirilmesi. Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi 11, 270-277.
  • Goldstein E L, Gross M, DeGraaf R M (1982) Wildlife and greenspace planning in medium-scale residential developments. Urban Ecology 7, 201-214.
  • Güçlü K (1994) Erzurum'da kültürel çevrenin güzelleştirilmesinde kullanılabilecek süs ağaç ve ağaççıklarının yetiştirilmesi. Atatürk Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi 25, 461-468.
  • Hope D, Gries C, Zhu W, Fagan WF, Redman CL, Grimm NB, Nelson AL, Martin C and Kinzig A (2003) Socioeconomics drive urban plant diversity. Proceedings o f the National Academy of Sciences100, 8788-8792.
  • Kent M, Stevens R A, Zhang L (1999) Urban plant ecology patterns and processess: a case study of the flora of the city o f plymouth, Devon United Kingdom. Journal of Biogeography 26, 1281-1298.
  • Kowarick I (1990) Some responses of flora and vegetation to urbanization in central Europe. In: Sukkop H (ed), Urban Ecology: Plants and Plant Communities in Urban Environments, SPB Publishing, The Hague, 45-74.
  • Kowarik, I (1995) On the role o f alien species in urban flora and vegetation. Urban Ecology 4, 321338.
  • Nelson A L, Schwirian K P, Schwirian P M (1998) Social and economic distress in large cities, 19701990: a test of the urban crisis thesis. Social Science Research 27,410-431.
  • Sarı D (2006) Trabzon kenti konut ve site alanlarının floristik çeşitliliği. Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Karadeniz Teknik Üniversitesi, Trabzon.
  • Sukopp H (2004) Human-caused impact on preserved vegetation. Landscape and Urban Planning 68, 347-355.
  • Thompson K, Austin K C, Smith R M, Warren P H, Angold P G, Gaston K J (2003) Urban domestic gardens (I): putting small-scale plant diversity in context. Journal o f Vegetation Science 14, 71-78.
  • Turner K, Lefler L, Freedman B (2005) Plant communities of selected urbanized areas of Halifax, Nova Scota, Canada. Landscape and Urban Planning 71, 191-206.
  • Yılmaz R (2006) Tekirdağ halkının tasarım bitkilerine olan talebinin belirlenmesi üzerine bir araştırma. Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi 3, 71-81.
  • Yılmaz S, Zengin M (2003) Erzurum kent halkının süs bitkilerine olan talebinin belirlenmesi. Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi A 1, 29-42.