Human Capital Utility of Ecological Enterprises Based on the Difference between Urban and Rural Workers’ Human Capital

Zhouyu Tian, Guangsheng Zhang

Ekoloji, 2018, Issue 106, Pages: 1143-1152, Article No: e106084

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Abstract

In order to narrow the income gap between urban and rural areas, the three effects of human capital differences between urban and rural areas on the income gap are discussed, including the threshold effect caused by the difference in human capital stock between urban and rural areas, the cumulative effect caused by the difference in flow, and the strengthening effect caused by the one-way flow of human capital between urban and rural areas. The results show that the difference of human capital stock and flow between urban and rural areas and the one-way flow of human capital between urban and rural areas lead to the widening of income gap between urban and rural areas. It can be seen that increasing investment in rural human capital, improving the level of rural human capital, optimizing the rural soft environment, attracting human capital back home, and actively improving the supporting reform can narrow the income gap between urban and rural areas.

Keywords

human capital difference, urban and rural income gap, threshold effect, cumulative effect, strengthening effect

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