Floristic Features of Pinus pinea Forests in Kahramanmaraş (Eastern-Mediterranean Region of Turkey)

Ömer VAROL

Ekoloji, 2006, Issue 60, Pages: 1-7

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Abstract

Pinus pinea (Stone pine) forests are not widespread in the world. The spread area of stone pine around the world indicates that it is a taxon localized in the Mediterranean Basin. In this study the floristic features of P. pinea forests in the Eastern-Mediterranean region of Turkey was investigated. 130 taxon belonging to 109 genera and 34 families were identified in the study area. Distribution numbers and rates of the taxon in terms of phytogeographic regions are as follows: Mediterranean elements 34 (26.15%), Irano- Turanian 16 (12.30%) and Euro-Siberian elements 3 (2.30%). The numbers of endemic taxa are 5 and the rate of endemism is 3.84%.

Keywords

Eastern-Mediterranean, floristic composition, Kahramanmaraþ, Pinus pinea, Turkiye

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