Evaluation of Public Services of Urban Health Life in Pearl River Delta in China Based on Entropy Weight TOPSIS

Guang-Sheng Wan, Zhi-Wang Qian, Yu-Feng Shi, Gang Huang

Ekoloji, 2018, Issue 106, Pages: 1065-1075, Article No: e106071

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Abstract

Public services of urban health life affect not only urban residents’ life quality, but also the regional economic development. This study evaluated the public services of urban health life in the Pearl River Delta in China (hereinafter referred to as PRD), aiming at providing decision-making basis for governments’ public services construction. Based on the constructed evaluation indicator system of urban health life public services, Entropy Weight TOPSIS was used to evaluate nine prefecture-level cities in PRD. The results showed that the public service level of urban health life in PRD presented a multi-level state, and the regional differences were large. Shenzhen had the highest level of health life public services. Guangzhou and Dongguan were at the second level. Foshan, Zhuhai and Zhongshan were at the third level. Huizhou, Jiangmen and Zhaoqing were at the fourth level. In terms of geographical distribution of public service, it featured that Shenzhen was the center, and it gradually decreased outward. The in-depth analysis of the indicators showed that there were still many regional development imbalances in many indicators in PRD. The findings provided some suggestions for local governments to carry out public services construction.

Keywords

public services, urban health life, Pearl River Delta in China, entropy weight TOPSIS

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