Effects of Salinity on the Zooplankton Community Structure in Two Maar Lakes and One Freshwater Lake in the Konya Closed Basin, Turkey

Ulku Nihan TAVSANOGLU, Reihaneh MALEKI, Nuray AKBULUT

Ekoloji, 2015, Issue 94, Pages: 25-32

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5053/ekoloji.2015.944

OPEN ACCESS

Download Full Text (PDF)

Abstract

Zooplankton plays a key role in aquatic environments maintaining clear water conditions at low predation pressure via grazing on phytoplankton; thus, they can be sensitive indicators of environmental disturbances. According to climate predictions, arid and semi-arid regions will become warmer, and a critical consequence for lake ecosystems is salinization. Salinity, a critical abiotic factor influencing zooplankton survival, changes the trophic interactions in a lake. We explored the potential effects of conductivity (an indirect measure of salinity) on the zooplankton taxa in three lakes located in the Konya Closed Basin, Turkey. Zooplankton taxa show significant differences between lakes of low and high conductivity but do not display significant seasonal difference except Cladocera. Species diversity is shown to decrease with conductivity. Large-sized cladocerans such as Daphnia and Simocephalus appear in freshwater lakes; conversely, the halobiont Brachionus plicatilis was observed only in the brackish lake. Our results show that the changes in salinity will have a substantial impact on aquatic ecosystems.

Keywords

community structure, conductivity, semi-arid region, Maar lake, zooplankton

References

  • Akbulut A, Dügel M (2008) Planktonic diatom assemblages and their realtionship to environmental variables in lakes of Salt Lake Basin (Central Anatolia-Turkey). Fresenius Environmental Bulletin 17(2): 154-163.
  • Akbulut A (2010) The Diatom Composition of the Salt Lake Basin and Its Relationship with Salinity. Ekoloji 19(74): 150-159.
  • Aladin NV (1991) Salinity tolerance and morphology of the osmoregulation organs in Cladocera with special reference to Cladocera from the Aral Sea. Hydrobiologia 225: 291-299.
  • Angeler DG, Alvarez-Cobelas M, Sanchez-Carrillo S (2010) Evaluating environmental conditions of a temporary pond complex using rotifer emergence from dry soils. Ecological Indicators 10: 545-549.
  • Anonymous (2007) Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. In: Parry ML, Canziani OF, Palutikof JP, Van der Linden PJ, Hanson CE (eds), Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 211-272. Anonymous (2010) Data of Groundwater Level for 52258, 52268,43664, 38306 numbered wells. General Directorate of Hyraulic Works, Ankara.
  • Ansari KGMT, Lyla PS, Ajmal Khan S, Manokaran S, Raja S (2013). Community structure of harpacticoid copepods from southastern continental shelf of India. Proceedings of the International Academy of Ecology and Environmental Sciences 3(2): 87-100.
  • Attayde JL, Bozelli RL (1998) Assessing the indicator properties of zooplankton assemblages to disturbance gradients by canonical correspondence analysis. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 55: 1789-1797. Bates BC, Kundzewicz SW, Wu S, Palutikof J (2008) Climate Change and Water: Technical Paper of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. IPCC Secretariat, Geneva.
  • Beklioglu M, Tan CO (2008) Restoration of a shallow Mediterranean lake by biomanipulation complicated by drought. Archiv für Hydrobiologie 171(2): 105-118.
  • Beklioglu M, Meerfhoff M, Søndergaard M, Jeppesen E (2011) Eutrophication and restoration of shallow lakes from a cold temperate to a warm mediterranean and a (sub)tropical climate. In: Ansari AA, Singh G, Lanza GR, Rast W (eds), Eutrophication: causes, consequences and control, Springer, New York, 91-108.
  • Bezirci G, Akkas SB, Rinke K, Yildirimli F, Kalaylioglu Z, Severcan F, Beklioglu M (2012) Impacts of salinity and fish-exuded kairomone on the survival and macromolecular profile of Daphnia pulex. Ecotoxicology 21: 601-614.
  • Boix D, Gascon S, Sala J, Baldosa A, Brucet S, Lopez-Flores R, Martinoy M, Gifre J, Quintana XD (2008) Patterns of composition and species richness of crustaceans and aquatic insects along environmental gradients in Mediterranean water bodies. Hydrobiologia 597: 53-69.
  • Bottrell HH, Duncan A, Gliwicz ZM, Grygierek E, Herzig A, Hillbricht-Ilkowska A, Kurasawa H, Larsson P, Weglenska T (1976) A review of some problems in zooplankton production studies. Norwegian Journal of Zoology 24: 419-456.
  • Brucet S, Compte J, Boix D, Lopez-Flores R, Quintana XD (2008) Feeding of nauplii, copepodites and adults of Calanipeda aquaedulcis (Calanoida) in Mediterranean salt marshes. Marine Ecology Progress Series 355: 183-191.
  • Brucet S, Boix D, Gascon S, Sala J, Quintana XD, Badosa A, Sondergaard M, Lauridsen TL, Jeppesen E (2009) Species richness of crustacean zooplankton and trophic structure of brackish lagoons in contrasting climate zones: north temperate Denmark and Mediterranean Catalonia (Spain). Ecography 32: 692-702.
  • Cirik S, Cirik F (1999) Limnoloji. Ege University Press, Izmir.
  • Coops H, Beklioglu M, Crisman TL (2003) The role of water-level fluctuations in shallow lake ecosystems: workshop conclusions. Hydrobiologia 506: 23-27.
  • Çağırankaya SS, Meriç BT (2013) Turkey’s Important Wetlands: Ramsar Sites. Republic of Turkey, Ministry of Forestry and Water Affair Nature Protection and National Parks Directorate General. Department of Vulnerable Sites, Wetlands Division, Ankara.
  • De Smet WH (1995) The Proalidae (Monogonanta). In: Dumant H (ed), Guides to the identification of the macroinvertebrates of the continental waters of the world, SPB Academic publishing, Amsterdam, 1-102.
  • De Smet WH, Pourriot R (1997) The Dicranophoridae (Monogononta) and Ituridae (Monogononta). In: Dumant H (ed), Rotifera Vol. 5, Guides to the identification of the macroinvertebrates of the continental waters of the world, SPB Academic publishing, The Hague, 1-344.
  • Dodson SI, Frey DG (2001) Cladocera and other Branchiopoda. In: Thorp JH, Covich AP (eds), Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates Academic Press, Amsterdam, 849-913.
  • Dumont (1981) Kratergöl, a deep hypersaline crater-lake in the steppe zone of western-Anatolia (Turkey) subjected to occasional limno-meteorological perturbations. Hydrobiologia 82: 271-279.
  • Durduran SS (2010) Coastline change assessment on water reservoirs located in the Konya Basin Area, Turkey, using multitemporal landsat imagery. Environmental and Monitoring Assesment 164: 453-461.
  • Frey DG (1993) The penetration of cladocerans into saline waters. Hydrobiologia 267: 233-248.
  • Gaygusuz CG, Tarkan AS, Gaygusuz O (2010) The Diel Changes in Feeding Activity, Microhabitat Preferences and Abundance of two Freshwater Fish Species in Small Temperate Streams (Omerli, stanbul).Ekoloji 19(76): 15- 24. doi: 10.5053/ekoloji.2010.763
  • Giorgi F (2006) Climate change hot-spots. Geophysical Research Letter 33: L08707.
  • Gonçalves AMM, Castro BB, Pardal MA, Gonçalves F (2007) Salinity effects on survival and life history of two freshwater cladocerans (Daphnia magna and Daphnia longispina). Annales de Limnologie 43: 13-20.
  • Grzesiuk M, Mikulski A (2006) The effect of salinity on freshwater crustaceans. Polish Journal of Ecology 54: 669-674.
  • Hall C, Burns CW (2002) Mortality and growth response of Daphnia carinata to increase in temperature and salinity. Freshwater Biology 47: 451-458.
  • Hart BT, Bailey P, Edwards R, Hortle K, James K, McMahon A, Meredith C, Swadling K (1991) A review of the salt sensitivity of the Australian freshwater biota. Hydrobiologia 210: 105-144.
  • Horvath Z, Vad CF, Toth A, Zsuga K, Boros E, Vörös L, Ptacnik R (2013) Opposing patterns of zooplankton diversity and functioning along a natural stress gradient: when the going gets tough, the tough get going. Oikos 123(4): 461-471.
  • İnandık H (1965) Türkiye Gölleri (Morfolojik ve Hidrolojik Özellikleri). İstanbul Üniversitesi Yayınları, İstanbul, 1-94.
  • Jensen E, Brucet S, Meerhoff M, Nathansen L, Jeppesen E (2010) Community structure and diel migration of zooplankton in shallow brackish lakes: role of salinity and predators. Hydrobiologia 646: 215-229.
  • Jeppesen E, Sondergaard M, Kanstrup E, Petersen B, Eriksen RB, Hammershoj M, Mortensen E, Jensen JP, Have A (1994) Does the impact of nutrients on the biological structure and function of brackish and freshwater lakes differ? Hydrobiologia 275/276: 15–30.
  • Jeppesen E, Søndergaard M, Pedersen AR, Jürgens K, Strzelczak A, Lauridsen TL, Johansson LS (2007) Salinity induced regime shift in shallow brackish lagoon. Ecosystems 1: 47-57.
  • Jeppesen E, Kronvang B, Meerhoff M, Søndergaard M, Hansen KM, Andersen H, Lauridsen TL, Lone L, Beklioğlu M, Özen A, Olesen JE (2009) Climate change effects on runoff, catchment phosphorus loading and lake ecological state, and potential adaptations. Journal of Environmental Quality 38: 1930-1941.
  • Kaya M, Fontaneto D, Segers H, Altındağ A (2010) Temperature and salinity as interacting drivers of species richness of planktonic rotifers in Turkish continental waters. Journal of Limnology 69: 297-304.
  • Kavurmaci M, Altas L, Kurmac Y, Isik M, ElhatipH (2010) Evaluation of the Salt Lake Effect on the Ground Waters of Aksaray-TURKEY using Geographic Information System. Ekoloji 19: 29-34. doi: 10.5053/ekoloji.2010.775
  • Kettunen M, Bassi S, ten Brink P (2007) Complementary Financing for Environment in the Context of Accession-Innovative Resources. A synthesis of the national level analyses from Bulgaria, Croatia, Former Yugoslavian Republic of Macedonia, Turkey and Romania. A project for the European Commission (070201/2006/443879/MAR/E3) Institute for European Environmental Policy, Brussels, 46.
  • Koste W (1978) Rotatoria. Die Radertiere Mitteleuropas Gebruder Borntraegerand, Berlin.
  • Kottek M, Grieser J, Beck C, Rudolf B, Rubel F (2006) World Map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification updated. Meteorologische Zeitschrift 15: 259-263.
  • Maleki R (2013) Acı Göl, Kozanlı Saz ve Meke Gölleri Rotifera Türleri Üzerine Çalışmalar. M.Sc. Thesis, University of Hacettepe, Ankara.
  • McCauley E (1984) The estimation of the abundance and biomass of zooplankton in samples. In: Downing JA, Rigler FH (eds), A manual on methods for the assessment of secondary productivity in freshwaters, Blackvell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 228-265.
  • Neschuk N, Claps M, Gabellone N (2002) Planktonic roti- fers of a saline-lowland river: the Salado River (Argentina). International Journal of Limnology 38: 191-198.
  • Nogrady T, Pourriot R (1995) The Notommatidae. In: Dumant H (ed), Riotifera vol. 3, Guides to the identification of the macroinvertebrates of the continental waters of the world, SPB Academic publishing, The Hague, 1-248.
  • Sarma SSS, Nandini S (2006) Review of recent ecotoxicological studies on cladocerans. Journal of Environmental Science and Health B 41:1417-1430.
  • Sarma SSS, Nandini S, Morales-Ventura J, Delgado-Martinez I, Gonzáles-Valverde L (2006) Effect of NaCl salinity on the population dynamics of freshwater zooplankton (rotifers and cladocerans). Aquatic Ecology 40: 349- 360.
  • Schallenberg M, Hall CJ, Burns CW (2003) Consequences of climate-induced salinity increases on zooplankton abundance and diversity in coastal lakes. Marine Ecological Progress Series 251: 181-189.
  • Schuytema GS, Nebeker AV, Stutzman TW (1997) Salinity tolerance of Daphnia magna and potential use for estuarine sediment toxicity tests. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 33: 194-198.
  • Segers H (1995) The Lecanidae. In: Dumant HS (ed) Rotifera vol. 2., Guides to the identification of the macroinvertebrates of the continental waters of the world, SPB Academic publishing. The Hague, 1-226.
  • Tanyolaç J (1993) Limoloji. Hatipoğlu Yayıncılık, Ankara.
  • Thakur JK, Srivastava PK, Singh SK, Vekerdy Z (2012) Ecological monitoring of wetlands in semi-arid region of Konya closed Basin, Turkey. Reginal Environmental Change 12: 133-144.
  • Viayeh RM, Spoljar M (2012) Structure of rotifer assemblages in shallow waterbodies of semi-ardi northwest Iran differing in salinity and vegetation cover. Hydrobiologia 686: 73-89.
  • Williams WD (1987) Salinization of rivers and streams: an important environmental hazard. Ambio 16: 180- 185.
  • Williams WD (2001) Antropogenic impacts of inland waters. Hydrobiologia 466: 329-337.
  • Woodward G, Perkins DM, Brown LE (2010) Climate change and freshwater ecosystems: impacts across multiple levels of organization. Philosophical Transaction of Royal Society B 365: 2093-2106.
  • Yılmaz M (2010) Environmental Problems Caused by Ground Water Level Changes around Karapinar. Ankara University Journal of Environmental Sciences 2: 145-163.