Ecological Study of Pollution Status and Countermeasures of Rural Domestic Refuse in the Three Gorges Reservoir Area

Bifan He, Liao Wang

Ekoloji, 2019, Issue 107, Pages: 1131-1140, Article No: e107133


Download Full Text (PDF)


The ecological and environmental problems of the Three Gorges Reservoir Area have different effects on its ecological security. In order to explore the present situation of rural domestic waste pollution in the three Gorges Reservoir area and to find out reasonable rural domestic waste management measures, the typical villages in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River and in the mountainous hilly areas of central and eastern Chongqing were selected as experimental samples. The results showed that the per capita MSW production was 0.33 ~ 0.45 kg/d in the mountainous areas of central and eastern Chongqing. There is a linear positive correlation between the amount of rural domestic refuse production and the disposable income of residents. At present, typical components of rural domestic waste in the three Gorges Reservoir area include kitchen waste, bamboo and wood, ash (slag) soil, rubber and plastics, waste paper, textiles, used batteries, expired drugs, pesticides, insecticides, etc. Among them, the amount of organic matter such as kitchen garbage and bamboo wood exceeded 60%, and the waste plastics (including expired drugs, agricultural plastic mulch, pesticide and chemical fertilizer packaging) and so on were close to 15%. It is pointed out that the current system of garbage collection, storage, transportation and disposal of rural residents in the central and western regions of China needs to be further optimized and improved.


China, rural areas, domestic waste, management, ecological environment


  • Bian RX, Sun YJ, Li WH, Yang Q, Li JJ (2014) Study on Production Characteristics and Disposal Countermeasures of Rural Solid Wastes. Environmental Engineering, 32(12): 100-102+171. doi: 10.13205/j.hjgc.201412023
  • Cai HY, Ren L, He XQ, Zhang ML, Li J, Liu AP, Sun XN, Yao XX, Yang DX (2015) The Study of Living Garbage Pollution Characteristics and Its Transportation-Collection System in Chongqing Typical Rural Area. Journal of Anhui Agri. Sci., 43(23): 217-219+223. doi: 10.13989/j.cnki.0517-6611.2015.23.082
  • Chen Y, Xia LJ, Yu XY, Chen MH, Yang BG, Zhao ZY (2010) Characteristics Identification of Rural Solid Wastes Based on Different Types of Farmers. Journal of Agro-Environment Science, 29(04): 773-778. doi: 1672- 2043(2010)04- 0773- 06
  • Ding YN, He GW, Rong SL, Deng SB, Du WJ, Chen Y, Jiang YX (2011) Study on treatment and disposal of rural garbage. Guangdong Agricultural Sciences, 38(17): 136-137+143. doi: 10.16768/j.issn.1004-874x.2011.17.018
  • Guan B, Liu JM, Chen S (2013) Production and Classified Collection Pattern of Rural Solid Waste. The Administration and Technique of Environmental Monitoring, 25(03): 26-29. doi: 1006-2009(2013)03-0026-04
  • Han ZY, Fei YQ, Liu D, Dan Z, Zhang Y, Shi GZ, Wang JL, Xie YH (2017) Yield and physical characteristics analysis of domestic waste in rural areas of China and its disposal proposal. Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering, 33(15): 1-14. doi: 10.11975/j.issn.1002-6819.2017.15.001
  • Liang S, Liang X, Xiao Y, Sun XH, Liu XK, Zhang SS, Zhang QH (2017) Study on Degradation of Rural Domestic Refuse by High Efficiency Reactor. Industrial Technology & Vocational Education, 15(02): 10-14. doi: 10.16825/j.cnki.cn13-1400/tb.2017.02.004
  • Luo DQ, Bai J, Zhu LF (2009) Study on the Cause and Strategy of Country Pollution in Chongqing by the Angle of Viewing Urban and Country Plan as a Whole. Ecological Environment, (04): 166-169+176.$9A4hF_YAuvQ5obgVAqNKPCYcEjKensW4IQMovwHtwkF4VYPoHbKxJw!!&v=MTg3MjNCWkxHNEh0ak1xNDlCWm9SOGVYMUx1eFlTN0RoMVQzcVRyV00xRnJDVVJMS2VaK1Z1Rnl2aFViN01Oam4
  • Ma JW, Sun WC, Yu QG, Wang Q, Wang JM, Fu JR (2012) Component Characteristic and agricultural Utilization risk of Household Waste in Mountainous Rural Aera. Journal of Zhejiang University (Agric. & Life SCI.), 38(02): 220-228. doi: 10.3785/j.issn.1008-9209.2012.02.014
  • Nie EQ, Zheng GD, Gao D, Chen TB (2017) Status Quo and Strategy for Management of Rural Domestic Waste in West China. Journal of Ecology and Rural Environment, 33(10): 882-889. doi: 10.11934/j/issn/1673-4831.2017.10.003
  • Wang B, Wei XL, Gao LH, Jiang T, Li H, Liu K, Li P (2017) Study on Characteristics of Production and Domestic Waste in Southern Natural Village. Journal of Anhui Agri. Sci., 45(34): 47-49. doi: 10.13989/j.cnki.0517-6611.2017.34.015
  • Wei X, Peng XY, Jia CX, Liu B, Zhang P, Yuan RH (2009) Analysis on Characteristics of Rural Domestic Waste in the Three Gorges Reservoir. Journal of Anhui Agri. Sci., 37(16): 7610-7612+7707. doi: 0517-6611(2009)16-07610-03
  • Yue B, Zhang ZB, Sun YJ, Li HL (2014) Characteristics of Rural Household Solid Wastes in China. Environmental Science & Technology, 37(06): 129-134. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-6504.2014.06.024
  • Zeng JP, Liu D, Liu J, Zeng XL (2012) Situation of Rural Domestic Waste and Suggestions of Classific Collection of Chengdu Typical Landform Area. World Sci-Tech R&D, 34(04): 585-588. doi: 10.16507/j.issn.1006-6055.2012.04.018
  • Zeng R, Yi M, Wang LW, Xi ZW, He WY, Zhou YL, Wang ZK, Xie L, Zhao XL (2017) Characteristics of Rural Household Solid Waste in Typical Villages of Chongqing and Its Treatment Models. Journal of Southwest University (Natural Science Edition), 39(07): 143-148. doi: 10.13718/j.cnki.xdzk.2017.07.022
  • Zhang AP, Li M, Chen YM, Hu LZ, Shi GZ (2017) Study on characteristics, peasants’ awareness and disposal mode of rural household solid waste around Chengdu. Environmental Pollution & Control, 39(03): 307-313+325. doi: 10.15985/j.cnki.1001-3865.2017.03.016
  • Zhang ML, Cai HY, Li J, Liu AP, Yao XX, Yang DX (2015) Research on the Characteristics and Dynamic Mechanism of Rural Living Garbage. Environmental Engineering, 33(S1): 550-553+573.$9A4hF_YAuvQ5obgVAqNKPCYcEjKensW4IQMovwHtwkF4VYPoHbKxJw!!&v=MDA4OTJGeXJtVXIzS0xTZk1iYkc0SDlTdnJvNUdiWVI4ZVgxTHV4WVM3RGgxVDNxVHJXTTFGckNVUkxLZVorVnU=
  • Zhang M, Han ZY, Jiang L, Xie ZJ, Zhang GZ, He L, Cheng JS, Pan K, Chen BH, Shi GZ (2016) Status Quo and Modes of Domestic Waste Treatment in Rural Areas of China. China Biogas, 34(02): 89-95. doi: 1000-1166(2016) 02-0089-08
  • Zhong QS, Sun XW, Lu HW, Luo J, Wu XC (2014) Study on Rural Domestic Refuse Classification-Collection and Reclamation in Tai-Lake Region. Environmental Engineering, 32(03): 96-99. doi: 10.13205/j.hjgc.201403023
  • Zhou CB, Zhao YN, Xiang XZ, Luo SQ, Wang ZH (2018) Survey and Analysis of Chongqing Rural Sanitation, 2016. Journal of Environmental Hygiene, 8(03): 247-251+256. doi: 10.13421/j.cnki.hjwsxzz.2018.03.015
  • Zhou SB, Yuan XZ, Liu H, Zhang YW (2015) Study on Present Pollution Situation of Rural Domestic Wastes and Disposal Countermeasures: Taking the West of Chongqing as an Example. Journal of Chongqing Normal University (Natural Science), 32(04): 70-73. doi: 10.11721/cqnuj20150417