Discussing the Effect of Urban Economic Development on Medical Environment with LISREL Model

Kaijun Yu, Ruiyi Gong, Xiaochun Qiu, Xiaotao Wang, Yuzhou Luo

Ekoloji, 2018, Issue 106, Pages: 697-702, Article No: e106029


Download Full Text (PDF)


Rapid economic development and enhancing life and education standards along with the advance of society, change of lifestyles, and advance of health and medical technology have largely changed medical environment. To actually achieve the goal of promoting national health, the government devotes to developing healthy medical environment, expecting to establish the medical environment with lifelong health care. Taking Shanghai City as the empirical object, the economic development and medical environment statistics provided by Shanghai Municipal People’s Government are used for secondary data analyses. The research results conclude the significant correlations between 1.urban economic development and number of physicians, 2.urban economic development and number of beds, 3.urban economic development and number of discharged patients, and 4.urban economic development and number of doctor visits. According to the results, suggestions are proposed, expecting to resolve the correlation between economic development and medical environment to provide policy makers with definite directions for making policies and achieve the coexistence of medical environment and economic growth.


economic development, medical environment, medical resource


  • Amaro S, Duarte P (2015) An integrative model of consumers’ intentions to purchase travel online. Tourism Management, 46: 64-79.
  • Beladi H, Chao CC, Ee MS, Hollas D (2015) Medical tourism and health worker migration in developing countries. Economic Modelling, 46: 391-396.
  • Bochaton A (2015) Cross-border mobility and social networks: Laotians seeking medical treatment along the Thai border. Social Science & Medicine, 124: 364-373.
  • Bojanic DC, Lo M (2016) A comparison of the moderating effect of tourism reliance on the economic development for islands and other countries. Tourism Management, 53: 207-214.
  • Deng Z, Wang Z (2016) Early-mover advantages at cross-border business-to-business e-commerce portals. Journal of Business Research.
  • Dost MKB, Illyas M, Rehman CA (2015) Online Shopping Trends And Its Effects on Consumer Buying Behavior: A Case Study Of Young Generation of Pakistan. Journal of Social Development, 5(1).
  • Etemad-Sajadi R (2016) The impact of online real-time interactivity on patronage intention: The use of avatars. Computers in Human Behavior, 61: 227-232.
  • Faqih KM, Jaradat MIRM (2015) Assessing the moderating effect of gender differences and individualism-collectivism at individual-level on the adoption of mobile commerce technology: TAM3 perspective. Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, 22: 37-52.
  • Frank B, Enkawa T, Schvaneveldt SJ (2015) The role of individualism vs. collectivism in the formation of repurchase intent: A cross-industry comparison of the effects of cultural and personal values. Journal of Economic Psychology, 51: 261-278.
  • Frederick JR, Gan LL (2015) East–West differences among medical tourism facilitators’ websites. Journal of Destination Marketing & Management, 4(2): 98-109.
  • Go E, You KH, Jung E, Shim H (2016) Why do we use different types of websites and assign them different levels of credibility? Structural relations among users’ motives, types of websites, information credibility, and trust in the press. Computers in Human Behavior, 54: 231-239.
  • Han H, Hyun SS (2015) Customer retention in the medical tourism industry: Impact of quality, satisfaction, trust, and price reasonableness. Tourism Management, 46: 20-29.
  • Hung SY, Tsai JCA, Chou ST (2016) Decomposing perceived playfulness: A contextual examination of two social networking sites. Information & Management.
  • Khan HN, Khan MA, Razli RB, Shehzada G, Krebs KL, Sarvghad N (2016) Health care expenditure and economic growth in SAARC countries (1995–2012): a panel causality analysis. Applied Research in Quality of Life, 11(3): 639-661.
  • Lee SD, Lee J, Jun CH (2015) Causality Analysis for Public and Private Expenditures on Health Using Panel Granger-Causality Test. Industrial Engineeering & Management Systems, 14(1): 104-110.
  • Lunt N, Horsfall D, Hanefeld J (2016) Medical tourism: A snapshot of evidence on treatment abroad. Maturitas, 88: 37-44.
  • Peng TC, Chiang YH (2015) The Non-Linearity of Hospitals’ Proximity on Property Prices: Experiences from Taipei, Taiwan. Journal of Property Research, 32(4): 341–361.
  • Tamakoshi G, Hamori S (2015) The European Sovereign Debt Crisis and Its Impacts on Financial Markets. Routledge Studies in the Modern World Economy.
  • Tang M, Werner C, Karwowski M (2016) Differences in creative mindset between Germany and Poland: The mediating effect of individualism and collectivism. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 21: 31-40.
  • Whittaker A, Chee HL (2015) Perceptions of an ‘international hospital’in Thailand by medical travel patients: Cross-cultural tensions in a transnational space. Social Science & Medicine, 124: 290-297.
  • Yadav R, Pathak GS (2016) Intention to purchase organic food among young consumers: Evidences from a developing nation. Appetite, 96: 122-128.