An Empirical Analysis of the Environmental Impact of Wildlife Conflict on Farmers’ Psychological Trauma — A Case of Yunnan Baimaxueshan National Nature Reserve

Pan Tan, Jiangdi Bai, Wenhui Chen, Junchang Liu

Ekoloji, 2019, Issue 107, Pages: 1077-1086, Article No: e107127

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Abstract

Human-wildlife conflict (HWC) has far reaching environmental impacts. Along with the increasing wildlife populations, the frequency and range of wildlife-human conflict increases, which brings the farmers psychological trauma. Thus, psychological trauma has become an important problem of building the harmonious relationship between human and wildlife. In this article, we try to find the key factors and its influence degree in order to give some proposal to wildlife departments. Based on the survey questionnaire of 230 farmer households in dimension of two counties, 13 villages of Baima Snow Mountain National Nature Reserve. On the basis of theoretical analysis, 12 variables were selected from stressor factors, group factors, mediator factors, the Logistic regression model was used to analyze the impact of wildlife conflict on farmers’ psychological trauma. The results showed that variables of the wildlife conflict type, losses of production and life, social economic losses from stressor factors, compensation type from mediator factors, age, family income ratio from group factors have significant effects on farmers’ psychological; However, the variables of economic loss degree, gender, education, health, family population and location have no significant effects on their psychological trauma. According to the result of research, some policy suggestions were put forward.

Keywords

wildlife, human-wildlife conflict, psychological trauma, psychological impact, Baima Snow Mountain National Nature Reserve, environmental impact

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