A Study on Spatial Demands and Spatial Responses of Anti-Japanese War Human-landscape Resource’s Conservation and Utilization in Guilin

Zhengmin Wen, Peng Yin, Jushan Hu, Shengwei Liu

Ekoloji, 2019, Issue 107, Pages: 637-646, Article No: e107028

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Abstract

Survival of Anti-Japanese War human landscape resource in Guilin urgently demands certain space to carry it. 141 Anti-Japanese War human landscape resources are incorporated in to 9 fundamental types, 6 sub-types and 3 main types of “The Classification, Investigation and Evaluation of Tourism Resources”; as for the latter, it can be further subdivided into 11 types. By settling and complementing the existing classification results, “A Classified Catalog of Anti-Japanese War human landscape resources” was also formulated. Additionally, it was also found that the ontology of these resources was featured with a rich number, a full range of varieties and unique values; and, for them as a colony, an X-shaped radioactive structure that was formed by “One Center, Two Mainlines & Two Minor Lines” and distributed against mountains or along the river was presented. According to such characteristics and analysis on issues related to the ontology space and Colony space, it is deemed in this study that: 1) there exist some ontology of construction expansion, original feature exhibition, fusion & extension, and reconstruction & preservation and reuse, and 2 spatial demands including distance-based combination and event-based correlation as far as such resources as a colony are concerned; 2) there are 3 spot spatial response modes that cover the construction of individual and composite space as well as the activation of the original space, and 2 syntagmatic space response modes of bond correlation and historical context. As for individual space, it consists of site protected space, site presented space, site memorial space and bell-type protection space, while the composite space is associated with original feature exhibition + venue space and original feature exhibition + park space, and the original space activation is involved with space function continuation and transformation; 3) a conservation and utilization structure system of “1 Museum of the War of Resistance, 5 Cultural Lines of the War of Resistance and 44 Key Construction Spots” can be established. Research achievements of this paper not only lay a foundation for compiling the planning of Anti-Japanese War human landscape resource conservation and utilization in Guilin, but also facilitate further facilitate sustainable development of these resources.

Keywords

anti-Japanese war, human landscape resources, conservation and utilization, spatial demands, spatial responses, Guilin

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